Planting a New Tree
When you purchase a tree it is a lifelong investment.
However, how well your investment grows depends on many factors including the
type of tree you choose, where you plant the tree, the care given to the tree
during planting, and the follow up care.
When to Plant
It is best to plant trees during the dormant season once the
leaves have dropped off or in early spring before the buds begin to form. When
the weather conditions are cool it allows the roots to become established
before the spring rains and summer heat.
Burlap and balled trees lose a large part of their root
system when they are dug up. Because of this they often show signs of
‘transplant shock,’ which is a state of extremely slow growth and vitality
after transplanting. This is especially true if the roots are circling or
kinked. In these situations the roots need to be cut.
9 Steps to Help Your Tree Flourish
- Identify the trunk flare. This is where the trunk expands at the base of your tree. Remove extra soil from the top of the root ball before your plant it.
- Dig a shallow, broad hole for planting. The hole needs to be 2-3 times wider than the root ball and only as deep as the ball.
- Cut away the wire basket or remove the container.
- Place your tree at the correct height. There should never be more than 12 inches of soil, so don’t plant your tree too deep.
- Straighten the tree in the hole and then backfill.
- Gently fill the hole with soil and then pack firmly.
- If needed stake the tree.
- Place a 2-4” layer of mulch at the base of the tree.
Provide the necessary follow up care. Keep the soil moist but don’t overwater. You should water at least weekly.