How to Treat Tree Trunk and Crown Injuries
If you find yourself with one or more trees that have trunk
and crown injuries it is important to call a professional arborist in for
advice on how best to handle the situation. These are common treatment options
that an arborist might recommend to rectify the problem.
Mulching – Apply a minimum of 2 inches and up to 4-inches
of organic mulch such as shredded bark, wood chips, or pine needles over your tree’s
root system in layers. This provides a simple yet effective way to enhance the
root growth. The mulch will help to condition the soil, maintains moisture,
reduce weed and grass growth, and moderate the soil temperature. Extend the
mulch as far out from the tree as possible.
Pruning – Torn, split, diseased, dead and/or broken branches need to be removed. Also
any diseased or dead limbs need to be removed from the tree’s crown. After
undertaking this type of pruning, you should postpone crown raising at least a
couple of years. You should not thin/reduce the tree’s canopy to compensate for
Treating Damaged Bark and Trunk Wounds – If the bark is damaged along the trunk or any of the major limbs are damaged you need to remove any loose bark. Use a sharp knife to cut away any jagged edges. Make sure you don’t cut into living tissues.
Cabling and Bracing – If you have branches or tree
trunks that are in need of extra support, a professional arborist or a tree
care professional company can install cables and/or bracing rods. Once cables
or braces have been installed, they need to be regularly inspected. The additional
security provided by installing support hardware is limited. Not every weak
limb is a candidate for these measures.
Irrigation and Drainage – One of the most important things
you can do for tree maintenance after construction damage has occurred is to ensure
there is an adequate supply of water to the root zone, while at the same time
making sure it is not excessive. Water your trees as they needed. Avoid overwatering
or frequent, shallow watering. Make sure drainage is adequate.